Synthesis of Guerbet ionic liquids and extractants as β-branched biosourceable hydrophobes†
This study investigates the synthesis of β-branched amines and β-branched quaternary ammonium chloride ionic liquids as novel extractants. The synthesis methodology was tailored to facilitate the reaction scale-up and the use of biorenewable starting materials. The developed process is an overall green, easy and straightforward synthesis of β-branched amines, and ammonium salts, starting from linear aldehydes. In order to evaluate the potential of the synthesised materials in applications, the rheology, density, thermal stability, chemical stability, phase transitions, and mutual solubility with water of the novel extractants was studied.