One- and two-photon responsive sulfur dioxide (SO2) donors: a combinatorial drug delivery for improved antibiotic therapy†
One- and two-photon activated sulfur dioxide donors based on a 4,5-dimethoxy-2-nitrobenzyl phototrigger have been developed. The designed donors have the ability to release not only SO2 but also a hydroxy-compound in a simultaneous manner. Furthermore, we demonstrated their application in combinatorial therapy by the dual release of SO2 and an active drug, i.e. ferulic acid ethyl ester (FAEE) with self-monitoring ability. Next, we investigated the in vitro cellular uptake and the capability of SO2 generation from the donors using a well-known coumarin-hemicyanine fluorescent probe. Finally, we evaluated the antibacterial activity of the designed donors (5a, 5b and 6) by broth dilution and agar well diffusion methods on E. cloacae cells (MTCC 509). The results show that the donor 5a exhibits enhanced antibacterial efficacy compared to 5b and 6, due to the synergetic effect of dually released SO2 and FAEE.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Chemical biology in OBC