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Issue 14, 2019
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Electrochemically induced oxidative S–O coupling: synthesis of sulfonates from sulfonyl hydrazides and N-hydroxyimides or N-hydroxybenzotriazoles

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Abstract

The process of oxidative S–O coupling under the action of electric current was developed. Aryl, hetaryl and alkyl sulfonyl hydrazides and N-hydroxy compounds (N-hydroxyimides and N-hydroxybenzotriazoles) are applied as starting reagents for the preparation of sulfonates. The reaction is carried out under constant current conditions in an experimentally convenient undivided electrochemical cell equipped with a graphite anode and a stainless steel cathode under a high current density (60 mA cm−2). NH4Br in this process acts as a supporting electrolyte and participates in the oxidation of the starting compounds to form a coupling product. The developed strategy represents a quite atom-efficient approach: one partner loses two nitrogen and three hydrogen atoms, while another one loses only one hydrogen atom. Cyclic voltammetry and the control experiment allowed us to propose possible reaction pathways: generated through anodic oxidation molecular bromine or its higher oxidation state derivatives oxidize the starting compounds to form reactive species, which couple to form the S–O bond.

Graphical abstract: Electrochemically induced oxidative S–O coupling: synthesis of sulfonates from sulfonyl hydrazides and N-hydroxyimides or N-hydroxybenzotriazoles

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Article information


Submitted
20 Dec 2018
Accepted
28 Jan 2019
First published
28 Jan 2019

Org. Biomol. Chem., 2019,17, 3482-3488
Article type
Paper

Electrochemically induced oxidative S–O coupling: synthesis of sulfonates from sulfonyl hydrazides and N-hydroxyimides or N-hydroxybenzotriazoles

A. O. Terent'ev, O. M. Mulina, V. D. Parshin, V. A. Kokorekin and G. I. Nikishin, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2019, 17, 3482
DOI: 10.1039/C8OB03162B

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