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Phototherapy with layered materials derived quantum dots

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Quantum dots (QDs) originating from two-dimensional (2D) sheets of graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4), graphene, hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), monoatomic buckled crystals (phosphorene), germanene, silicene and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are emerging zero-dimensional materials. These QDs possess diverse optical properties, are chemically stable, have surprisingly excellent biocompatibility and are relatively amenable to surface modifications. It is therefore not difficult to see that these QDs have potential in a variety of bioapplications, including biosensing, bioimaging and anticancer and antimicrobial therapy. In this review, we briefly summarize the recent progress of these exciting QD based nanoagents and strategies for phototherapy. In addition, we will discuss about the current limitations, challenges and future prospects of QDs in biomedical applications.

Graphical abstract: Phototherapy with layered materials derived quantum dots

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The article was received on 12 Sep 2019, accepted on 01 Nov 2019 and first published on 04 Nov 2019

Article type: Minireview
DOI: 10.1039/C9NR07886J
Nanoscale, 2020, Advance Article

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    Phototherapy with layered materials derived quantum dots

    H. Zhu, N. Ni, S. Govindarajan, X. Ding and D. T. Leong, Nanoscale, 2020, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9NR07886J

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