β-Cyclodextrin-based hollow nanoparticles with excellent adsorption performance towards organic and inorganic pollutants†
In this work, β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) based hollow nanoparticles (denoted as β-CDHN) with abundant active sites and high specific surface area were first fabricated via a facile one-step method. The β-CDHN presented a maximum adsorption capacity of 2080.35, 427.35 and 120.48 mg g−1 towards the cationic dye methylene blue (MB), heavy metal ions (Pb2+) and bisphenol A (BPA), respectively, much higher than those of many other adsorbents. Furthermore, β-CDHN also exhibited fast adsorption kinetics towards these pollutants with adsorption rate constants 6 to 200 times higher than those of activated carbon and other β-CD-based adsorbents, meaning the former can remove these pollutants at a much faster adsorption rate than the latter adsorbents. More importantly, the removal efficiency of these pollutants on β-CDHN almost remained stable after 10 regeneration cycles with favorable recyclability. The prepared β-CDHN show great potential in practical applications due to their low costs and high efficiency in the treatment of organic and inorganic pollutants from wastewater.