Constructing reduced graphene oxide/boron nitride frameworks in melamine foam towards synthesizing phase change materials applied in thermal management of microelectronic devices†
Phase change materials (PCMs) exhibit wide application prospects in many fields related to energy utilization and management and attract increasing interest. In this work, through the graphene oxide (GO)-assisted dispersion technology, GO/boron nitride (BN) nanosheets were incorporated into melamine foam and successfully deposited on the surface of the foam framework after hydrothermal reaction. Through the following freeze-drying and carbonization treatment, the composite MF/rGO/BN aerogels were obtained with integrated hybrid rGO/BN frameworks. The composite PCMs were prepared through encapsulating polyethylene glycol (PEG) within the hybrid aerogels. The encapsulation stability and thermal properties of the composite PCMs were systematically investigated. The composite PCM sample containing the highest content of rGO/BN exhibited excellent encapsulation stability, high thermal conductivity (up to 0.79 W m−1 K−1), high phase change enthalpy (160.7 J g−1) with the retention of 90.8% of the pure PEG, and excellent chemical and thermal stability. Further results clearly showed that the composite PCMs had excellent light-to-heat energy transition ability and could be used as a thermal management component to suppress the overheating of devices during the operation process, or to supply energy for thermoelectric devices under emergency conditions to ensure a continuous power supply sustained for a certain time until the safeguard procedures are adopted.