A Pre-Solution Mixing Precursor Method for Improving Crystallization Quality of Perovskite Film and Electroluminescent Performance of Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes
Quasi-two-dimensional (Q-2D) perovskite is one kind of efficient luminescent material with fast energy transfer and radiative decay of excitons due to the energy cascade formed by the mixed perovskite phase. However, the existence of monolayer or bilayer nanosheets in the Q-2D perovskite film results in poor charge transport, high trap density and rough film surface because of high ratio of ligands, which leads to poor performance of Q-2D perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs). Herein, we proposed a new strategy of pre-solution mixing (PSM) precursor to inhibit the formation of ultrathin perovskite nanosheets, which significantly enhanced the charge carrier mobility, reduced the concentration of defects and improved the film morphology. The PeLEDs based on the PSM precursor achieved the maximum luminescence of 6689.3 cd/m2 (~153% enhancement) and the peak current efficiency of 5.9 cd/A (~168% enhancement). By introducing mixed cations in the PeLED, the maximum brightness of 13289.8 cd/m2 and current efficiency of 14.5 cd/A were realized, demonstrating the generality of our PSM method for the preparation of high performance PeLEDs.