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A black phosphorus/Ti3C2 MXene nanocomposite for sodium-ion batteries: a combined experimental and theoretical study

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Abstract

A black phosphorus (BP)/Ti3C2 MXene composite was prepared by compositing small BP nanoparticles with exfoliated Ti3C2 layers. When used as an anode for sodium-ion batteries, the BP/Ti3C2 composite electrode exhibited higher specific capacity and better electrode stability than a BP electrode and a Ti3C2 electrode. The results of experimental and density functional theory (DFT) calculations illustrated that the synergy of BP and Ti3C2 based on a stable interfacial interaction simultaneously reduces the resistances from both electron and Na+ transport, resulting in the impressive electrochemical performance of the BP/Ti3C2 composite in sodium-ion batteries. The synthesis process and research concept could also be extended for further application of MXene materials and studies on sodium-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: A black phosphorus/Ti3C2 MXene nanocomposite for sodium-ion batteries: a combined experimental and theoretical study

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jun 2019, accepted on 09 Sep 2019 and first published on 10 Sep 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9NR04790E
Nanoscale, 2019, Advance Article

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    A black phosphorus/Ti3C2 MXene nanocomposite for sodium-ion batteries: a combined experimental and theoretical study

    H. Li, A. Liu, X. Ren, Y. Yang, L. Gao, M. Fan and T. Ma, Nanoscale, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9NR04790E

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