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Stabilizing high-voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode towards all solid state battery: a Li-Al-Ti-P-O solid electrolyte nano-shell with host material

Abstract

LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 (LNMO) spinel has drawn increasing attention due to its high voltage, stabilized electrochemical performance and safety features as cathode for lithium-ion batteries. However, the main challenge lies in its instable surface structure, especially at elevated temperatures. In this papre, we decorate the LNMO precursor with the solid electrolyte of Li1.4Al0.4Ti1.6(PO4)3 (LATP) via a facile sol-gel method, followed by a co-crystallization process at 820 oC, to successfully generate a LATP modification shell at the surface of LNMO. The LATP modification shell could not only optimize the morphology of LNMO including the limitation of particle growth and control of crystalline orientation, but also realize the ion doping during the co-crystallization process. By tuning the LATP contents, the 2 wt.% LATP modification is found the most effective in balancing the interfacial stability and Li+ diffusion kinetics of LNMO, as well as enhancing its rate capability and capacity retention at high temperatures. As a result, the 2 wt.% LATP-modified LNMO cathode exhibits a high reversible capacity of 84.8 mA h g-1 after 500 cycles with a capacity retention of 68.9 %, and a superior rate capability (102.0 mA h g-1 at 20 C) at room temperature. Moreover, this electrode also delivers a good capacity retention of 85.7 % after 100 cycles at 55 oC, which is ascribed to the stabilized interface with LATP protective layer.

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Publication details

The article was received on 23 Feb 2019, accepted on 31 Mar 2019 and first published on 01 Apr 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9NR01655D
Citation: Nanoscale, 2019, Accepted Manuscript

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    Stabilizing high-voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode towards all solid state battery: a Li-Al-Ti-P-O solid electrolyte nano-shell with host material

    L. Li, R. Zhao, T. Xu, D. Wang, D. Pan, X. Lu, G. He, K. Zhang, C. Yu and Y. Bai, Nanoscale, 2019, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C9NR01655D

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