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Issue 13, 2019
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Broad-band high-gain room temperature photodetectors using semiconductor–metal nanofloret hybrids with wide plasmonic response

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Abstract

Semiconducting nanowires are widely studied as building blocks for electro-optical devices; however, their limited cross-section and hence photo-response hinder the utilization of their full potential. Herein, we present an opto-electronic device for broad spectral detection ranging from the visible (VIS) to the short wavelength infra-red (SWIR) regime, using SiGe nanowires coupled to a broadband plasmonic antenna. The plasmonic amplification is obtained by deposition of a metallic nanotip at the edge of a nanowire utilizing a bottom-up synthesis technique. The metallic nanotip is positioned such that both optical plasmonic modes and electrical detection paths are coupled, resulting in a specific detectivity improvement of ∼1000 compared to conventional SiGe NWs. Detectivity and high gain are also measured in the SWIR regime owing to the special plasmonic response. Furthermore, the temporal response is improved by ∼1000. The fabrication process is simple and scalable, and it relies on low-resolution and facile fabrication steps with minimal requirements for top-down techniques.

Graphical abstract: Broad-band high-gain room temperature photodetectors using semiconductor–metal nanofloret hybrids with wide plasmonic response

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Article information


Submitted
13 Jan 2019
Accepted
28 Feb 2019
First published
05 Mar 2019

Nanoscale, 2019,11, 6368-6376
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Broad-band high-gain room temperature photodetectors using semiconductor–metal nanofloret hybrids with wide plasmonic response

A. Ziv, A. Tzaguy, Z. Sun, S. Yochelis, E. Stratakis, G. Kenanakis, G. C. Schatz, L. J. Lauhon, D. N. Seidman, Y. Paltiel and R. Yerushalmi, Nanoscale, 2019, 11, 6368
DOI: 10.1039/C9NR00385A

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