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Probing the multi-step crystallization dynamics of mi- celle templated nanoparticles: structural evolution of single crystalline γ-Fe2O3

Abstract

Iron oxides nanoparticles synthesized with narrow size distribution were characterized using Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer to investigate their composition, crystal structure and magnetic properties. Raman allowed us to explore the polymorphous transition of the iron oxide from the beginning of the synthesis process, as Raman can be used to monitor the precursors, the diblock-copolymer micelles and the resultant particles simultaneously under various processing steps. As different polymorphs possess distinct Raman active phonon modes, it also allows identification of the exact phases of the resultant nanoparticles. Consequently, we show that the reverse micelle process results in pure phase nanoparticles only under certain conditions. Using insights from examining the entire synthesis process, we can adjust the structure of small nanoparticles (∼6nm) to achieve coercivity and saturation magnetization values that are usually only obtainable from larger particles (25 nm or larger). In this way, we show a route to tunable magnetic response based on the purity of the crystal phase rather than particle size. By understanding the evolution of the entire synthesis process, it is possible to adjust the processing conditions to yield monodisperse single crystal phase nanoparticles for widespread use in a variety of applications.

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jan 2019, accepted on 08 Apr 2019 and first published on 09 Apr 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9NR00148D
Citation: Nanoscale, 2019, Accepted Manuscript

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    Probing the multi-step crystallization dynamics of mi- celle templated nanoparticles: structural evolution of single crystalline γ-Fe2O3

    K. Liang, L. S. Hui and A. Turak, Nanoscale, 2019, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C9NR00148D

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