Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 7, 2019
Previous Article Next Article

Tunable hysteresis behaviour related to trap filling dependence of surface barrier in an individual CH3NH3PbI3 micro/nanowire

Author affiliations

Abstract

Hybrid organic–inorganic perovskite (HOIP) materials have remarkable potential in solar cells owing to their high power conversion efficiency and inexpensive preparation. However, their current–voltage (IV) curves often exhibit hysteresis characteristics, which not only strongly affect the accuracy of measurements but also seriously impair device performance, and, moreover, their actual origin is still the subject of debate. Here, a single HOIP micro/nanowire-based two-terminal device was constructed. Not only can its hysteresis properties be accurately modulated, but also their origin can clearly be identified as variations in the surface barrier related to trap filling. Under illumination of the entire device with visible (VIS) light, two anticlockwise hysteresis loops appear symmetrically in cyclic IV curves. Interestingly, the cyclic IV curves can be switchably changed into asymmetrical “8”-shaped hysteresis loops with bipolar resistive switching (RS) features when only the vicinity of one electrode is illuminated. The traps located in the surface space charge region play a crucial role in the tunable hysteresis behaviour. Owing to the presence of abundant surface states, two back-to-back connected diodes related to the surface barrier can be formed in the two-terminal device. With the synergistic assistance of illumination and bias, moreover, the injection and extraction of holes in the surface space charge region can effectively modulate the surface barrier, which triggers the formation of a bipolar RS device. Accordingly, two switchable back-to-back connected bipolar RS devices were built. Regarding the tunable hysteresis with nonvolatile memory properties controlled by the synergistic action of bias and illumination, our results provide a valuable insight into the identification of its origin and, furthermore, also indicate that the HOIP materials have significant potential in nonvolatile memory applications.

Graphical abstract: Tunable hysteresis behaviour related to trap filling dependence of surface barrier in an individual CH3NH3PbI3 micro/nanowire

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 06 Nov 2018, accepted on 19 Jan 2019 and first published on 21 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR08934E
Citation: Nanoscale, 2019,11, 3360-3369

  •   Request permissions

    Tunable hysteresis behaviour related to trap filling dependence of surface barrier in an individual CH3NH3PbI3 micro/nanowire

    Z. Hong, J. Zhao, S. Li, B. Cheng, Y. Xiao and S. Lei, Nanoscale, 2019, 11, 3360
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NR08934E

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements