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Issue 3, 2019
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Combining magnetic nanoparticle capture and poly-enzyme nanobead amplification for ultrasensitive detection and discrimination of DNA single nucleotide polymorphisms

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Abstract

The development of ultrasensitive methods for detecting specific genes and discriminating single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) is important for biomedical research and clinical disease diagnosis. Herein, we report an ultrasensitive approach for label-free detection and discrimination of a full-match target-DNA from its cancer related SNPs by combining magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) capture and poly-enzyme nanobead signal amplification. It uses a MNP linked capture-DNA and a biotinylated signal-DNA to sandwich the target followed by ligation to offer high SNP discrimination: only the perfect-match target-DNA yields a covalently linked biotinylated signal-DNA on the MNP surface for subsequent binding to a neutravidin–horseradish peroxidase conjugate (NAV–HRP) for signal amplification. The use of polymer nanobeads each tagged with thousands of copies of HRPs greatly improves the signal amplification power, allowing for direct, amplification-free quantification of low aM target-DNA over 6 orders of magnitude (0.001–1000 fM). Moreover, this sensor also offers excellent discrimination between the perfect-match gene and its cancer-related SNPs and can positively detect 1 fM perfect-match target-DNA in the presence of 100 fold excess of co-existing single-base mismatch targets. Furthermore, it works robustly in clinically relevant media (e.g. 10% human serum) and gives even higher SNP discrimination than that in clean buffers. This ultrasensitive DNA sensor appears to have excellent potential for rapid detection and diagnosis of genetic diseases.

Graphical abstract: Combining magnetic nanoparticle capture and poly-enzyme nanobead amplification for ultrasensitive detection and discrimination of DNA single nucleotide polymorphisms

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Sep 2018, accepted on 21 Dec 2018 and first published on 21 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR07641C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2019,11, 1195-1204
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    Combining magnetic nanoparticle capture and poly-enzyme nanobead amplification for ultrasensitive detection and discrimination of DNA single nucleotide polymorphisms

    L. D. S. Lapitan, Y. Xu, Y. Guo and D. Zhou, Nanoscale, 2019, 11, 1195
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NR07641C

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