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Localization and transient emission properties in InGaN/GaN quantum wells of different polarities within core–shell nanorods

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Abstract

Transient photoluminescence (PL) characteristics and localization phenomena in InGaN/GaN core–shell nanorods (NRs) were investigated from 6 K up to 285 K. The NRs exhibit three well-defined PL bands in the near-UV, blue, and green range ascribed to the emission of quantum well (QW) areas situated at the (1.00) sidewalls, (10.1) top facets, and (00.1) tip, respectively. At low temperature, time-resolved PL shows a fast decay time of about 0.5 ns for the semi- and non-polar QWs, while the polar QWs exhibit at least a twice-longer time. Rapid delocalization of carriers above 50 K indicates shallow potential fluctuations in the QWs. At room temperature, the characteristic fast PL decay time of the three QW bands stabilizes around 300 ps. The slow decaying PL components have different characteristic decay times that are explained by additional localization at basal stacking faults (BSFs), taking into account the quantum confined Stark effect. In addition, narrow excitonic luminescence lines are observed in the BSF-enriched polar QWs, providing direct evidence of the impact of the BSF/QW crossings on the optical properties of the NRs. A PL rise time of about 100 ps does not show any deviation between bands. These findings are suggestive of similar transport mechanisms in temperature equilibrium without inter-facet transport between different QWs. We believe that predictable transient characteristics can play a key role in creating uniform NR ensembles for device applications.

Graphical abstract: Localization and transient emission properties in InGaN/GaN quantum wells of different polarities within core–shell nanorods

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Jul 2018, accepted on 15 Nov 2018 and first published on 15 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR05863F
Citation: Nanoscale, 2019, Advance Article
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    Localization and transient emission properties in InGaN/GaN quantum wells of different polarities within core–shell nanorods

    Y. Robin, E. A. Evropeitsev, T. V. Shubina, D. A. Kirilenko, V. Yu. Davydov, A. N. Smirnov, A. A. Toropov, I. A. Eliseyev, S. Y. Bae, M. Kushimoto, S. Nitta, S. V. Ivanov and H. Amano, Nanoscale, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR05863F

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