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Photochemical reactivity of phenyl (methyl-tetrazolyl) ketone – hydrogen atom transfer vs. electron transfer

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Abstract

Phenyl (methyl-tetrazolyl) ketone (1) is a synthesis intermediate of tetrazolyloxime fungicides and can also be generated upon their irradiation. Its photolysis is highly solvent-dependent, which prompted us to investigate the reaction mechanism more deeply. The nanosecond laser flash photolysis of 1 yielded the triplet excited state (λmax = 390/570 nm) immediately after the pulse. This was later converted into different secondary species that were identified using their specific reactivity as well as product studies. The ketyl radical (λmax = 315/475 nm) was generated in less than 0.02 μs in a good H-donor solvent such as 2-propanol and in around 0.06 μs in cyclohexane, a medium H-donor solvent. In 2-propanol, ketyl radicals decayed by a second order reaction to yield pinacol (yield 45%); in contrast, in cyclohexane, they decayed by a second order reaction in the bulk, leading to the formation of pinacol (yield 21%), and by recombination with the cyclohexyl radical in the cage in an apparent first order reaction to generate an adduct (yield 10%). In a polar and non H-atom donor solvent such as acetonitrile, the zwitterionic diradical (λmax = 460 nm) was formed in 0.6 μs with the final formation of an atypical dimer. Thus, two mechanisms of hydrogen atom transfer were observed. In the polar acetonitrile solvent, a two-step process occurred, where an electron was transferred first, followed by a proton. In the less polar 2-propanol and non-polar cyclohexane solvents, a one-step process occurred, where an electron and a proton were simultaneously transferred.

Graphical abstract: Photochemical reactivity of phenyl (methyl-tetrazolyl) ketone – hydrogen atom transfer vs. electron transfer

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Jun 2019, accepted on 20 Sep 2019 and first published on 23 Sep 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ03061A
New J. Chem., 2019, Advance Article

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    Photochemical reactivity of phenyl (methyl-tetrazolyl) ketone – hydrogen atom transfer vs. electron transfer

    M. Fréneau, C. Lefebvre, M. A. Gómez Fernández, C. Richard and N. Hoffmann, New J. Chem., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ03061A

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