Mechanochemical Synthesis, Luminescent and Magnetic Properties of Lanthanide Benzene-1,4-Dicarboxylate Coordination Polymers (Ln0.5Gd0.5)2 (1,4-BDC)3(H2O)4; Ln = Sm, Eu, Tb
Mechanochemical reactions of benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate (BDC2-) and lanthanide carbonates, Ln2(CO3)3·xH2O, Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb yield phase pure lanthanide coordination polymers, (Ln0.5Gd0.5)2(1,4-BDC)3(H2O)4 with Ln = Sm, Eu, Tb, which are isostructural with Tb2(1,4-BDC)3(H2O)4 as confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction and vibrational spectroscopy. Upon excitation with UV light all three compounds display strong emissions, characteristic for the respective optically active lanthanide ion, namely, red for Eu3+, green for Tb3+ and orange-red for Sm3+. In case of the Tb3+-containing compound, the energy difference between the triplet energy level of benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate ligand (BDC2-) allows for the most efficient BDC2--Tb3+ energy transfer. As a consequence, an intense green luminescence with rather long lifetime (0.81 ms) and high quantum yield (22 %) is observed after allowed excitation of the BDC2- ligand. The compounds are paramagnetic with no onset of long range magnetic ordering down to liquid He temperatures.