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Mechanistic insights and computational design of half-sandwich iridium and rhodium complexes for hydrogenation of quinoline

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Abstract

A detailed reaction mechanism of the hydrogenation of quinoline to 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline catalysed by a half-sandwich Cp*Ir triazolylidene complex was computationally investigated by using density functional theory. The direct proton transfer from Ir to the nitrogen atom in quinoline was found to be the rate-determining step with a total barrier of 25.1 kcal mol−1 in free energy. Furthermore, by replacing the hydrogen atoms at the para (R) positions of the pyridine ligand with different functional groups, and the triazolylidene ligands with various N-heterocyclic carbenes, we proposed a series of half-sandwich Ir, Rh, and Co complexes and computationally screened four promising candidates for the catalytic hydrogenation of quinoline to 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline with predicted total free energy barriers close to 24.0 kcal mol−1.

Graphical abstract: Mechanistic insights and computational design of half-sandwich iridium and rhodium complexes for hydrogenation of quinoline

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Feb 2019, accepted on 29 Apr 2019 and first published on 29 Apr 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ00835G
New J. Chem., 2019, Advance Article

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    Mechanistic insights and computational design of half-sandwich iridium and rhodium complexes for hydrogenation of quinoline

    X. Yan and X. Yang, New J. Chem., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ00835G

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