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Coordination of Nd(III) and Eu(III) with monodentate organophosphorus ligands in ionic liquids: spectroscopy and thermodynamics

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Abstract

The complexation of two representative trivalent lanthanides, Nd(III) and Eu(III), with three monodentate organophosphorus ligands, tributyl phosphate (TBP), dibutyl butyl phosphonates (DBBP) and tributylphosphine oxide (TBPO) in the ionic liquid (IL) C4mimNTf2 was investigated by absorption spectroscopy, luminescence spectroscopy, and microcalorimetry. The Nd(III) complexes formed in the IL were successfully identified and their corresponding thermodynamic parameters were determined. As the alkoxyl group is gradually replaced by an alkyl group from TBP to TBPO, the stability of the Nd(III) complexes increases significantly. Moreover, the nature of the complexes was further elucidated on the basis of thermodynamic analysis as well as luminescence characterization. The overall endothermic feature of the complexation process indicates that Nd(III) and the ligands form inner-sphere coordination complexes in the ionic liquid, which is further supported by luminescence studies with Eu(III) as the surrogate. Upon introduction of organophosphorus ligands, the symmetry of Eu(III) complexes becomes lower and water molecules in the primary coordination sphere of Eu(III) were gradually replaced by the organophosphorus ligands. The results from this work provide valuable thermodynamic and structural insights into the coordination chemistry of lanthanides in ionic liquids.

Graphical abstract: Coordination of Nd(iii) and Eu(iii) with monodentate organophosphorus ligands in ionic liquids: spectroscopy and thermodynamics

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Nov 2018, accepted on 02 Feb 2019 and first published on 04 Feb 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ05618H
Citation: New J. Chem., 2019, Advance Article

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    Coordination of Nd(III) and Eu(III) with monodentate organophosphorus ligands in ionic liquids: spectroscopy and thermodynamics

    J. Dang, W. Duan, W. Wu, T. Sun, Y. Li, N. Pu, L. Xu, J. Chen and C. Xu, New J. Chem., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ05618H

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