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Issue 3, 2019
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Encapsulation and removal of aniline by di-cyclohexanocucurbit[6]uril

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Abstract

This research investigated the binding behaviors of hosts symmetrical di-cyclohexanocucurbit[6]uril (Cy2Q[6]) and hexa-cyclohexanocucurbit[6]uril (Cy6Q[6]) with guests aniline, p-methylaniline, and p-phenyldiamine. 1H NMR data suggest that hosts Cy2Q[6] and Cy6Q[6] can accommodate all guests to form stable inclusion complexes in aqueous solution. X-ray crystallography provides unequivocal evidence that Cy2Q[6] forms inclusion complexes in the solid state with all guests, in which the aromatic rings of the guests are encapsulated. Most importantly, entrapment tests and thermogravimetric analyses show that the Cy2Q[6] host possesses higher removal efficiency for aniline than the Cy6Q[6] host. All results show that the Cy2Q[6] host is more suitable for the recognition and encapsulation of the studied guests than the Cy6Q[6] host because its size and shape are more complementary to the aromatic rings of the guests. Our study suggests the potential utility of Cy2Q[6] as an adsorbent for aniline removal.

Graphical abstract: Encapsulation and removal of aniline by di-cyclohexanocucurbit[6]uril

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Publication details

The article was received on 18 Oct 2018, accepted on 12 Dec 2018 and first published on 12 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ05298K
Citation: New J. Chem., 2019,43, 1487-1493
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    Encapsulation and removal of aniline by di-cyclohexanocucurbit[6]uril

    M. Zhang, H. Shi, D. Meng, K. Chen, R. Lin, W. Sun and J. Liu, New J. Chem., 2019, 43, 1487
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ05298K

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