Enhanced moisture stability of metal halide perovskite solar cells based on sulfur–oleylamine surface modification†
As one of the most promising light-harvesting materials, perovskites have drawn tremendous attention for their unique advantages, such as high efficiency, low cost and facile fabrication compared with other photovoltaic materials. Nevertheless, poor moisture tolerance of the perovskites greatly hampers the operation of such devices and hinders their commercialization. Herein, we demonstrate a facile dipping treatment using sulfur–oleylamine solution for surface atomic modulation of perovskite films. Oleylammonium polysulfides (OPs) would be self-assembled on the etched perovskite film as an ultrathin outer layer. This layer could passivate the surface chemical activity of the outer perovskite layers. Moreover, the hydrophobic OPs significantly enhance moisture stability of such devices. As a result, the obtained device without encapsulation retains more than 70% of its initial power conversion efficiency (PCE) after 14 days of exposure to a relative humidity of 40 ± 10%.
- This article is part of the themed collection: International Year of the Periodic Table : From Pb and Sn Perovskites to the Next Generation