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Instantaneous, room-temperature, open-air atmosphere, solution-phase synthesis of perovskite quantum dots through halide exchange employing non-metal based inexpensive HCl/HI: ensemble and single particle spectroscopy

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Abstract

Herein, the instantaneous synthesis of highly crystalline, uniform-sized (ca. 11.3 ± 0.1 nm), blue-to-green to yellow to red-emitting all-inorganic perovskite quantum dots (CsPbBr3 and mixed halide PQDs) was achieved at room temperature under an open-air atmosphere (no glove box) through halide exchange in the solution phase employing easily available, inexpensive non-metal-based halide sources such as HCl and HI. No complicated pre-treatment of the halide source was required. Moreover, these PQDs were stable for a few weeks under an open-air atmosphere. The PL emission spectra are quite narrow, and the PLQYs are quite high (80% for even Br/I mixed PQDs). At the single particle level, the 〈ON fraction〉 has been noted to vary from 75% to 85% for different PQDs, the mON values are close to 1.0, and the mOFF values are >1.5. The latter indicates that long ON durations are more probable. The increase in the ON event truncation time (from 2.7 to 4.0 s) and the concomitant decrease in the OFF event truncation time (from 6.6 to 4.3 s) could be correlated with the increase in the PLQY (from 0.55 to 0.75). In addition, an interesting memory effect could be observed in both the ON and the OFF event durations.

Graphical abstract: Instantaneous, room-temperature, open-air atmosphere, solution-phase synthesis of perovskite quantum dots through halide exchange employing non-metal based inexpensive HCl/HI: ensemble and single particle spectroscopy

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jun 2019, accepted on 06 Jul 2019 and first published on 09 Jul 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9NA00406H
Nanoscale Adv., 2019, Advance Article
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    Instantaneous, room-temperature, open-air atmosphere, solution-phase synthesis of perovskite quantum dots through halide exchange employing non-metal based inexpensive HCl/HI: ensemble and single particle spectroscopy

    S. Mandal, D. Roy, C. K. De, S. Ghosh, M. Mandal, A. Das and P. K. Mandal, Nanoscale Adv., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9NA00406H

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