Zinc oxide ultraviolet photodetectors: rapid progress from conventional to self-powered photodetectors
Currently, the development of ultraviolet (UV) photodetectors (PDs) has attracted the attention of the research community because of the vast range of applications of photodetectors in modern society. A variety of wide-band gap nanomaterials have been utilized for UV detection to achieve higher photosensitivity. Specifically, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanomaterials have attracted significant attention primarily due to their additional properties such as piezo-phototronic and pyro-phototronic effects, which allow the fabrication of high-performance and low power consumption-based UV PDs. This article primarily focuses on the recent development of ZnO nanostructure-based UV PDs ranging from nanomaterials to architectural device design. A brief overview of the photoresponse characteristics of UV PDs and potential ZnO nanostructures is presented. Moreover, the recent development in self-powered PDs and implementation of the piezo-phototronic effect, plasmonic effect and pyro-phototronic effect for performance enhancement is highlighted. Finally, the research perspectives and future research direction related to ZnO nanostructures for next-generation UV PDs are summarized.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles