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Bifunctional hexagonal Ni/NiO nanostructures: influence of the core–shell phase on magnetism, electrochemical sensing of serotonin, and catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol

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Abstract

Ni0/NiO (nickel/nickel oxide) core–shell nanostructures were synthesized through a facile combustible redox reaction. Remarkably, the hetero-phase boundary with different crystalline orientations offered dual properties, which helped in bifunctional catalysis. Presence of a metallic Ni phase changed physicochemical properties and some emerging applications (magnetic properties, optical conductivity, electrochemical sensitivity, catalytic behaviour) could be foreseen. Moreover, formation of a NiO layer on metal surface prevented magnetism-induced aggregation, arrested further oxidation by hindering oxygen diffusion, and acted as a good sorbent to enhance the surface adsorption of the analyte. Hexagonal Ni/NiO nanostructures manifested well-defined ferromagnetic behavior and the catalyst could be collected easily at the end of the catalytic reduction. Ni/NiO core–shell catalysts at the nanoscale had outstanding catalytic performance (reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol) compared with pure NiO catalysts beyond a reaction time of ∼9 min. The estimated sensitivity, limit of detection and limit of quantification towards the electrochemical sensing of serotonin were 0.185, 0.43 and 1.47 μM μA−1, respectively. These results suggest that a bifunctional Ni/NiO nanostructure could be a suitable catalyst for electrochemical detection of serotonin and reduction of 4-nitrophenol.

Graphical abstract: Bifunctional hexagonal Ni/NiO nanostructures: influence of the core–shell phase on magnetism, electrochemical sensing of serotonin, and catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Nov 2018, accepted on 30 Jan 2019 and first published on 31 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NA00342D
Citation: Nanoscale Adv., 2019, Advance Article
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Bifunctional hexagonal Ni/NiO nanostructures: influence of the core–shell phase on magnetism, electrochemical sensing of serotonin, and catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol

    R. Manigandan, T. Dhanasekaran, A. Padmanaban, K. Giribabu, R. Suresh and V. Narayanan, Nanoscale Adv., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NA00342D

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