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Wealth from waste: M. acuminata peel waste-derived magnetic nanoparticles as a solid catalyst for the Henry reaction

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Abstract

Biosynthesis of nanoparticles by exploiting different plant materials has become a matter of great interest in recent years and is considered as a green technology as it does not involve any harmful and toxic chemicals in the synthetic procedure. In this paper, we report a novel one-pot M. acuminata peel ash extract mediated bio-synthesis of basic iron oxide nanoparticles (MAPAE@Fe3O4). The nanoparticles were fully characterized by different analytical techniques such as XRF, IR, XRD, XPS, SEM, TEM, VSM and TGA. The synthesized nanoparticles exhibited high basicity due to the presence of metal oxides, primarily basic K2O in the outer layer of Fe3O4 surfaces, and showed good catalytic activity for the synthesis of β-nitroalcohol via the Henry reaction at room temperature under solvent-free conditions. The catalyst was separated from the reaction medium by simply applying an external bar magnet making the process economical and less labor intensive. Furthermore, the catalyst can be reused up to the 4th cycle without much loss of its activity.

Graphical abstract: Wealth from waste: M. acuminata peel waste-derived magnetic nanoparticles as a solid catalyst for the Henry reaction

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Oct 2018, accepted on 20 Nov 2018 and first published on 21 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NA00321A
Citation: Nanoscale Adv., 2019, Advance Article
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Wealth from waste: M. acuminata peel waste-derived magnetic nanoparticles as a solid catalyst for the Henry reaction

    G. Pathak, K. Rajkumari and L. Rokhum, Nanoscale Adv., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NA00321A

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