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Issue 3, 2019
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Electronic properties of a PrPC–Cu(II) complex as a marker of 5-fold Cu(II) coordination

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Abstract

Human prion protein is a subject of extensive study, related in particular to the molecular basis of neurodegenerative disease development and prevention. This protein has two main domains: the membrane C-terminal, structured domain as well as the unstructured N-terminal domain. While PrPC (23–231) has up to eight Cu(II) binding sites in the N-terminal domain, it includes a characteristic, conservative octarepeat region PHGGGWGQ, which was studied by means of X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy. The measurements were conducted at the SuperXAS beamline (SLS, PSI, Villigen). For the initial 1 : 1 protein-to-Cu(II) ratio, the two main Cu(II) binding modes were identified using linear combination fitting and ab initio FEFF calculations for X-ray spectra. Their electronic structures indicated that Cu(II) coordinated by strong π-donors could effectively suppress the pre-edge structure due to the filling of empty Cu(II) d-states. The suppression was correlated with the charge transfer effect and filling of the virtual electronic Cu(II) states. What is more, we showed that the 1s → 4p + LMCT (Ligand-to-Metal-Charge-Transfer) multielectron transition relation with the main edge transition could be used as a marker for preliminary comparison of an unknown organic compound to a reference. The presented results permitted a possible explanation of the mechanism of choosing the preferred Cu(II) modes in PrPC–Cu(II) coordination processes and of the complex stability from the electronic point of view.

Graphical abstract: Electronic properties of a PrPC–Cu(ii) complex as a marker of 5-fold Cu(ii) coordination

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Nov 2018, accepted on 04 Feb 2019 and first published on 04 Feb 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8MT00339D
Citation: Metallomics, 2019,11, 632-642

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    Electronic properties of a PrPC–Cu(II) complex as a marker of 5-fold Cu(II) coordination

    M. Nowakowski, J. Czapla-Masztafiak, I. Zhukov, L. Zhukova, M. Kozak and W. M. Kwiatek, Metallomics, 2019, 11, 632
    DOI: 10.1039/C8MT00339D

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