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The effects of dietary selenomethionine on tissue-specific accumulation and toxicity of dietary arsenite in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during chronic exposure

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Abstract

The interactive effects of different doses of dietary selenium [as selenomethionine; 1.8 μg g−1 (control), 10 μg g−1 and 40 μg g−1 diet] on the toxicity of dietary arsenic [as arsenite (As3+); 80 μg As per g diet] were investigated in rainbow trout over an exposure period of 30 days. Fish fed with As3+ alone showed an increased hepatic lipid peroxidation (LPO) and a concomitant decline in cellular redox potential (determined as GSH:GSSG) in the liver tissue relative to the control fish. Interestingly, fish fed with low (10 μg g−1) or high (40 μg g−1) concentration of dietary selenomethionine in combination with As3+ showed an even higher degree of hepatic LPO and a further decrease in GSH : GSSG molar ratio relative to the fish treated with As3+ alone. Our study also revealed that exposure to dietary selenomethionine (both at low and high levels) resulted in significantly higher levels of arsenic in target tissues (liver, kidney, and muscle) relative to fish treated with As3+ alone. Similarly, the synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence imaging analysis also suggested a dose-dependent increase in the co-localization of arsenic and selenium in the brain of fish co-treated with dietary As3+ and selenomethionine. These observations suggested that selenomethionine facilitated arsenic deposition in the brain and likely in other tissues, possibly via bio-complexation. Overall, our findings indicated that elevated dietary selenomethionine can increase the tissue-specific accumulation and toxicity of As3+ in fish during chronic dietary exposure.

Graphical abstract: The effects of dietary selenomethionine on tissue-specific accumulation and toxicity of dietary arsenite in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during chronic exposure

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Oct 2018, accepted on 07 Feb 2019 and first published on 08 Feb 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8MT00309B
Citation: Metallomics, 2019, Advance Article

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    The effects of dietary selenomethionine on tissue-specific accumulation and toxicity of dietary arsenite in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during chronic exposure

    A. Jamwal, Y. Saibu, T. C. MacDonald, G. N. George and S. Niyogi, Metallomics, 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8MT00309B

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