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Nanoscale layers in polymers to promote ion transport

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Abstract

Polymer membranes with enhanced charge transport properties would enable solid-state batteries with improved safety, increased lifetime, and decreased cost. However, the ion conductivity of polymers remains low after decades of research. Here, we advocate for an alternative design strategy for ion-conducting polymers, wherein a precisely periodic chemical microstructure leads to backbone crystallization, controlled hairpin chain folding at the position of each functional group, and ordered layers of sub-nanometer thickness that function as pathways for charge transport. This chain-folded layered structure is observed in a linear polyethylene with sulfonic acid groups pendant to precisely every 21st carbon atom, and the membrane exhibits high proton conductivity at high humidity, matching the benchmark membrane Nafion 117. We discuss related instances of ion and proton transport through thin layers in polymers, as well as other examples of controlled polymer folding leading to ordered nanoscale layers. We also propose design rules for achieving the chain-folded layered structure in new polymers. This layered structure has the potential for improved charge transport relative to amorphous polymers, representing a significant advance in ion-conducting polymer membranes.

Graphical abstract: Nanoscale layers in polymers to promote ion transport

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Nov 2018, accepted on 14 Jan 2019 and first published on 23 Jan 2019


Article type: Perspective
DOI: 10.1039/C8ME00086G
Citation: Mol. Syst. Des. Eng., 2019, Advance Article

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    Nanoscale layers in polymers to promote ion transport

    E. B. Trigg and K. I. Winey, Mol. Syst. Des. Eng., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8ME00086G

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