Hierarchically structured microchip for point-of-care immunoassays with dynamic detection ranges†
Point-of-care (POC) medical assays provide critical information to guide clinical therapy for a broad range of medical scenarios, such as resource-poor settings and specialty departments in hospitals. Even though many types of POC assays can be done in automated devices, these POC assays typically cannot well accommodate the multiplexed detection of biomarkers where a large dynamic range is needed. Here, we report a POC assay, which is both automated and suitable for detecting multiple biomarkers with dynamic detection ranges. We call it a dynamic multiplexed immunoassay (DMI). We control the concentrations of capture antibodies and the intensity of the readout signal to dynamically modulate the detection range of immunoassays (pg mL−1 to μg mL−1), leading to the multiplexed detection of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) simultaneously in undiluted human serum samples. The POC assay allows the rapid and accurate detection of infection in patients.