Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Determination of Se and Te in coal at ultra-trace levels by ICP-MS after microwave-induced combustion

Author affiliations

Abstract

A method for ultra-trace determination of Se and Te in coal by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was developed. Samples (up to 500 mg) were prepared by microwave-induced combustion (MIC) in a closed system pressurized with 20 bar of oxygen. Inorganic acids or their mixtures were evaluated as absorbing solution. Using HNO3 + HCl (1 + 1), results obtained for Se and Te after sample preparation by MIC agreed with those obtained by reference methods, microwave-assisted wet digestion (MAWD) using concentrated HNO3 and HF, and solid sampling electrothermal vaporization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (SS-ETV-ICP-MS), and also with a certified reference material of coal (NIST 1632c) for Se. Very low limits of quantification (LOQ) were obtained: 0.002 and 0.007 mg kg−1 for Se and Te, respectively. Major elements were determined in final solutions obtained by MAWD and MIC, and their concentration in solutions of MIC was negligible (<10 μg L−1), minimizing the risk of interference in ICP-MS analysis. The proposed method was applied to samples of coal from the United Kingdom, with a wide range of inorganic composition (from 3 to 41% ash content), showing its robustness and feasibility for routine analysis. Se concentration ranged from 0.291 to 11.5 mg kg−1, and Te was mainly found at ultra-trace levels (<0.007 to 0.11 mg kg−1). The proposed method presents several advantages over the reference methods, such as the use of a higher sample mass, low LOQs and, an important aspect, no need of using HF.

Graphical abstract: Determination of Se and Te in coal at ultra-trace levels by ICP-MS after microwave-induced combustion

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 05 Feb 2019, accepted on 27 Feb 2019 and first published on 28 Feb 2019


Article type: Technical Note
DOI: 10.1039/C9JA00048H
Citation: J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2019, Advance Article

  •   Request permissions

    Determination of Se and Te in coal at ultra-trace levels by ICP-MS after microwave-induced combustion

    F. S. Rondan, A. S. Henn, P. A. Mello, M. Perez, L. A. Bullock, J. Parnell, J. Feldmann, E. M. M. Flores and M. F. Mesko, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9JA00048H

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements