In-situ anchoring Co3O4 nanowire on nickel foam: an outstanding bifunctional catalyst for energy-saving simultaneous reactions
Catalytic oxidation of 5-hydroxylmethylfurfural (HMF) is a sustainable strategy to produce 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) as a desirable alternative to substitute fossil-based terephthalic, isophthalic and adipic acids for synthesizing biopolymers. However, the reaction mostly depends on noble metal catalysts for generation reactive oxygen species to accelerate oxidation of alcohol groups. Here we report a facile route to generate a highly active catalyst for simultaneous production of FDCA via HMF oxidation and high-purity H2. Co3O4 nanowires with pine needle -like shape were in-situ grown on nickel foam (CoNW/NF) and employed as bifunctional catalysts for both electrooxidation of HMF and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), realizing a high catalytic activity, robust electrochemical durability and nearly 100% faradaic efficiency. Such an inexpensive and monolithic electrode may assist in upgrading biochemicals with a high energy efficiency.