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CO2-fixation into cyclic and polymeric carbonates: principles and applications

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Abstract

The reaction between carbon dioxide and epoxides is an attractive pathway for CO2-utilisation as it can lead to the formation of two different, yet valuable, products: cyclic and polymeric carbonates. In this review, the advancements made within this field are critically discussed with special attention to the potential of these two classes of compounds as green chemical products. First, an overview is provided of the various types of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalytic systems developed for achieving the reaction of carbon dioxide with epoxides with high activity and selectivity towards either the cyclic or the polymeric carbonate products. Then, the chemical and physical properties of the cyclic and polycarbonate products are discussed, focussing on the correlation between such properties and the potential applications of each class of compounds. Finally, the most relevant applications of these materials, both potential and industrially implemented, are critically reviewed covering the fields of polymer products, energy storage devices, and biomedical and pharmaceutical applications.

Graphical abstract: CO2-fixation into cyclic and polymeric carbonates: principles and applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Oct 2018, accepted on 02 Jan 2019 and first published on 02 Jan 2019


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C8GC03086C
Citation: Green Chem., 2019, Advance Article
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    CO2-fixation into cyclic and polymeric carbonates: principles and applications

    A. J. Kamphuis, F. Picchioni and P. P. Pescarmona, Green Chem., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8GC03086C

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