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Cashew nut shell: a potential bio-resource for the production of bio-sourced chemicals, materials and fuels

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Abstract

Exploitation of agricultural waste as green starting materials to produce various valuable products is attracting the attention of academic, industrial and other practitioners. Cashew nut shell (CNS) and its liquid extract (CNSL) in particular have been identified as agro-wastes rich in valuable and functional renewable products. The unique structural features of the CNSL constituents offer the possibility for different modifications to suit various applications. This review article provides recent developments in CNS and CNSL as green sources for use in the production of biorenewable chemicals, materials and energy. Extraction methods and applications of CNS, CNSL and isolates are discussed. Furthermore, a literature survey of the current status and efforts made on the utilization of these agricultural and food wastes for different applications is well outlined.

Graphical abstract: Cashew nut shell: a potential bio-resource for the production of bio-sourced chemicals, materials and fuels

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Sep 2018, accepted on 09 Jan 2019 and first published on 10 Jan 2019


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C8GC02972E
Citation: Green Chem., 2019, Advance Article

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    Cashew nut shell: a potential bio-resource for the production of bio-sourced chemicals, materials and fuels

    J. Mgaya, G. B. Shombe, S. C. Masikane, S. Mlowe, E. B. Mubofu and N. Revaprasadu, Green Chem., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8GC02972E

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