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Issue 4, 2019
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Two polysaccharides from Porphyra modulate immune homeostasis by NF-κB-dependent immunocyte differentiation

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Abstract

Porphyra polysaccharides possess multiple pharmacological activities, such as immunoregulatory, anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory effects, but the specific underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. The present work was to investigate the immunomodulatory activity of two different Porphyra polysaccharides, PH and PY, in a BALB/c mouse model and a mouse splenic cell model. Results showed that PH and PY regulated Th1 and Th2 responses, which could be due to the proliferation of CD4+CD25+ Treg. Further investigations demonstrated that PY induced the proliferation and maturation of upstream MHC II+CD11c+ DC. Moreover, both PH and PY activate NF-κB signaling pathways in splenic cells, but the loss-of-function assay with a NF-κB inhibitor demonstrated that the direct Treg-induction activity of PH, but not PY, was mediated by NF-κB. These results suggested that PH and PY show strong immunomodulatory activity by NF-κB-dependent immunocyte maturation and differentiation, which facilitates further application of Porphyra polysaccharides as potential functional foods or immunomodulators.

Graphical abstract: Two polysaccharides from Porphyra modulate immune homeostasis by NF-κB-dependent immunocyte differentiation

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Jan 2019, accepted on 11 Mar 2019 and first published on 12 Mar 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9FO00023B
Citation: Food Funct., 2019,10, 2083-2093

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    Two polysaccharides from Porphyra modulate immune homeostasis by NF-κB-dependent immunocyte differentiation

    L. Fu, Y. Qian, C. Wang, M. Xie, J. Huang and Y. Wang, Food Funct., 2019, 10, 2083
    DOI: 10.1039/C9FO00023B

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