A ‘catch-and-release’ receptor for the cholera toxin
Stimuli-responsive receptors for the recognition unit of the cholera toxin (CTB) have been prepared by attaching multiple copies of its natural carbohydrate ligand, the GM1 oligosaccharide, to a thermoresponsive polymer scaffold. Below their lower critical solution temperature (LCST), polymers complex CTB with nanomolar affinity. When heated above their LCST, polymers undergo a reversible coil to globule transition which renders a proportion of the carbohydrate recognition motifs inaccessible to CTB. This thermally-modulated decrease in the avidity of the material for the protein has been used to reversibly capture CTB from solution, enabling its convenient isolation from a complex mixture.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Nanolithography of biointerfaces