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Issue 9, 2019
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Formic acid, a biomass-derived source of energy and hydrogen for biomass upgrading

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Abstract

Formic acid is a main product from biomass-derived carbohydrates and is attracting ever more attention as a sustainable hydrogen source, owing to its high volumetric hydrogen density of 53 g of H2 per liter. In this review, we give an overview of the formic acid mediated transformations of biomass-based feedstocks into added-value products, including biofuels; attention will be primarily focused on the transformation of biomass-derived platform chemicals, with an emphasis on levulinic acid. Formic-acid mediated lignin depolymerization and biomass-oil upgrading will be also discussed.

Graphical abstract: Formic acid, a biomass-derived source of energy and hydrogen for biomass upgrading

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Article information


Submitted
30 May 2019
Accepted
28 Jun 2019
First published
28 Jun 2019

Energy Environ. Sci., 2019,12, 2646-2664
Article type
Review Article

Formic acid, a biomass-derived source of energy and hydrogen for biomass upgrading

F. Valentini, V. Kozell, C. Petrucci, A. Marrocchi, Y. Gu, D. Gelman and L. Vaccaro, Energy Environ. Sci., 2019, 12, 2646
DOI: 10.1039/C9EE01747J

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