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Formic acid, a biomass-derived source of energy and hydrogen for biomass upgrading

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Abstract

Formic acid is a main product from biomass-derived carbohydrates and is attracting ever more attention as a sustainable hydrogen source, owing to its high volumetric hydrogen density of 53 g of H2 per liter. In this review, we give an overview of the formic acid mediated transformations of biomass-based feedstocks into added-value products, including biofuels; attention will be primarily focused on the transformation of biomass-derived platform chemicals, with an emphasis on levulinic acid. Formic-acid mediated lignin depolymerization and biomass-oil upgrading will be also discussed.

Graphical abstract: Formic acid, a biomass-derived source of energy and hydrogen for biomass upgrading

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 May 2019, accepted on 28 Jun 2019 and first published on 28 Jun 2019


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C9EE01747J
Energy Environ. Sci., 2019, Advance Article

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    Formic acid, a biomass-derived source of energy and hydrogen for biomass upgrading

    F. Valentini, V. Kozell, C. Petrucci, A. Marrocchi, Y. Gu, D. Gelman and L. Vaccaro, Energy Environ. Sci., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9EE01747J

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