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Issue 9, 2019
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A versatile single-ion electrolyte with a Grotthuss-like Li conduction mechanism for dendrite-free Li metal batteries

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Abstract

Batteries with Li metal anodes have the desirable feature of high energy density; however, the notorious problem of Li dendrite formation has impeded their practical applications. Herein, we present a versatile single-ion electrolyte, which is achieved by a different strategy of coordinating the anions in the electrolyte on the open metal sites of a metal organic framework. Further investigations of the activation energy and theoretical quantum mechanical calculations suggest that Li ion transport inside the pores of Cu-MOF-74 is via a Grotthuss-like mechanism where the charge is transported by coordinated hopping of Li ions between the perchlorate groups. This single-ion electrolyte is versatile and has wide applications. When the single-ion electrolyte is used for Li‖Li symmetric cells and Li‖LiFePO4 full cells, Li dendrites are suppressed. As a result, an ultralong cycle life is achieved for both cells. In addition, when the single-ion electrolyte is assembled into Li‖LiMn2O4 batteries, the dissolution of Mn2+ into the electrolyte is suppressed even at elevated temperatures, and a long cycle life with improved capacity retention is achieved for Li‖LiMn2O4 batteries. Finally, when the single-ion electrolyte is applied to Li–O2 batteries, an improved cycle life with reduced overpotential is also achieved.

Graphical abstract: A versatile single-ion electrolyte with a Grotthuss-like Li conduction mechanism for dendrite-free Li metal batteries

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
07 May 2019
Accepted
17 Jul 2019
First published
18 Jul 2019

Energy Environ. Sci., 2019,12, 2741-2750
Article type
Paper
Author version available

A versatile single-ion electrolyte with a Grotthuss-like Li conduction mechanism for dendrite-free Li metal batteries

S. Yuan, J. L. Bao, J. Wei, Y. Xia, D. G. Truhlar and Y. Wang, Energy Environ. Sci., 2019, 12, 2741
DOI: 10.1039/C9EE01473J

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