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Issue 44, 2019
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Development, characterisation and in vitro evaluation of lanthanide-based FPR2/ALX-targeted imaging probes

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Abstract

We report the design, preparation and characterisation of three small-molecule, Formyl Peptide Receptor (FPR)-targeted lanthanide complexes (Tb·14, Eu·14 and Gd·14). Long-lived, metal-based emission was observed from the terbium complex (τH2O = 1.9 ms), whereas only negligible lanthanide signals were detected in the europium analogue. Ligand-centred emission was investigated using Gd·14 at room temperature and 77 K, leading to the postulation that metal emission may be sensitised via a ligand-based charge transfer state of the targeting Quin C1 unit. Comparatively high longitudinal relaxivity values (r1) for octadentate metal complexes of Gd·14 were determined (6.9 mM−1 s−1 at 400 MHz and 294 K), which could be a result of a relative increase in twisted square antiprism (TSAP) isomer prevalence compared to typical DOTA constructs (as evidenced by NMR spectroscopy). In vitro validation of concentration responses of Tb·14via three key neutrophil functional assays demonstrated that the inflammatory responses of neutrophils (i.e. chemotaxis, transmigration and granular release) remained unchanged in the presence of specific concentrations of the compound. Using a time-resolved microscopy set-up we were able to observe binding of the Tb·14 probe to stimulated human neutrophils around the cell periphery, while in the same experiment with un-activated neutrophils, no metal-based signals were detected. Our results demonstrate the utility of Tb·14 for time-resolved microscopy with lifetimes several orders of magnitude longer than autofluorescent signals and a preferential uptake in stimulated neutrophils.

Graphical abstract: Development, characterisation and in vitro evaluation of lanthanide-based FPR2/ALX-targeted imaging probes

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Sep 2019, accepted on 24 Oct 2019 and first published on 25 Oct 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9DT03520F
Dalton Trans., 2019,48, 16764-16775

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    Development, characterisation and in vitro evaluation of lanthanide-based FPR2/ALX-targeted imaging probes

    T. Boltersdorf, J. Ansari, E. Y. Senchenkova, L. Jiang, A. J. P. White, M. Coogan, F. N. E. Gavins and N. J. Long, Dalton Trans., 2019, 48, 16764
    DOI: 10.1039/C9DT03520F

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