A porous and redox active ferrocenedicarboxylic acid based aluminium MOF with a MIL-53 architecture†
A metallocene based linker 1,1′-ferrocenedicarboxylic acid (H2FcDC) was used to synthesise the first permanently porous ferrocenedicarboxylate, exhibiting a MIL-53 architecture. This compound Al-MIL-53-FcDC [Al(OH)(FcDC)] is obtained in glass vials under mild synthesis conditions at ≤100 °C and after a short reaction time of 90 min. The crystal structure was determined from powder X-ray diffraction data and the compound shows porosity towards N2 and H2O, exhibiting a BET surface area of 340 m2 g−1. Furthermore, the MOF was characterised via EPR and Mössbauer spectroscopy. The Mössbauer spectrum of Al-MIL-53-FcDC shows a characteristic doublet with an isomeric shift of 0.34 mm s−1 and a quadrupole splitting of 2.39 mm s−1, proving the persistence of the ferrocene moiety. A negligibly small amount of impurities of ferrocenium ions could be detected by EPR spectroscopy as a complementary technique. Cyclic voltammetric experiments demonstrated the accessible redox activity of the linker molecule FcDC2− in Al-MIL-53-FcDC. A reversible oxidation and reduction signal (0.75 V and 0.64 V, respectively, vs. Ag) of FcDC2− was observed and maintained during forty CV cycles, while the crystallinity of the MOF remained unchanged after the experiment.