Linear-shaped Ln III4 and Ln III6 clusters constructed by a polydentate Schiff base ligand and a β-diketone co-ligand: structures, fluorescence properties, magnetic refrigeration and single-molecule magnet behavior†
Herein, ten new linear-shaped LnIII4 and LnIII6 clusters, with the formula [Ln4(acac)6L2(CH3O)2(CH3OH)4]·xCH3OH (Ln = Nd (1), Sm (2), Eu (3), Gd (4), Tb (5), Dy (6), and Tm (8), Hacac = acetylacetone), [Ln6(acac)4L4(CH3O)6]·xCH3OH (Er (7) and Yb (9)), and [Lu4(acac)6L2(OH)2]·2CH2Cl2 (10), based on a polydentate Schiff base ligand, H2L, and a β-diketone co-ligand were successfully synthesized and structurally characterized. Single crystal X-ray diffraction measurements reveal that the structures of the clusters 1–6, 8 and 10 are very similar and their central Ln(III) ions are linearly arranged Ln4; however, the clusters 7 and 9 possess a rare linearly arranged Ln6. The investigations on the solid-state fluorescence properties show that the clusters 2, 3, 5 and 6 display the characteristic lanthanum luminescence at room temperature. Magnetic studies reveal that weak antiferromagnetic interactions exist between adjacent Gd(III) ions in cluster 4. More importantly, the cluster 4 exhibits significant MCE with the maximum −ΔSm value of 27.96 J kg−1 K−1 at 2.0 K and 7.0 T, whereas the cluster 6 displays a slow magnetic relaxation behavior under a zero dc field with the effective energy barrier ΔE/kB = 8.64 K and τ0 = 6.98 × 10−6 s.