Catalytic epoxidation of olefins in liquid phase over manganese based magnetic nanoparticles
Epoxidation of olefins stands out as a crucial class of reactions and is of great interest in academic research and industry due to the production of various important fine chemicals and intermediates. Manganese complexes have the potential to catalyze the epoxidation of olefins with high efficiency. Magnetic nanocatalysts have attracted significant attention for immobilizing homogeneous transition metal complexes. Easy separation by external magnetic fields, nontoxicity, and a core shell structure are the main advantages of magnetic nanocatalysts over other heterogeneous catalysts. The method of functionalizing magnetic nanoparticles and of anchoring homogeneous metal complexes has significant effects on catalytic performance. Therefore, a critical review of recent research progress on manganese complexes’ immobilization on magnetic nanoparticles for liquid phase olefin epoxidation is necessary. In this work, magnetic nanoparticles are categorized according to their preparation procedures and structures. The physical/chemical properties, catalytic performance for olefin epoxidation, reusability and plausible reaction mechanisms will be discussed, in an attempt to unravel the structure–function relationship and to guide the future study of MNPs’ design for olefin epoxidations.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2019 Frontier and Perspective articles