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Issue 35, 2019

Reactions of cerium complexes with transition metal nitrides: synthesis and structure of heterometallic cerium complexes containing bridging catecholate ligands

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Abstract

In an attempt to synthesize heterometallic cerium nitrido complexes, we studied the reactions of cerium complexes supported by the Kläui tripodal ligand [Co(η5-C5H5){PO(OEt)2}3] (LOEt) with transition-metal nitrides. Whereas no reactions were found between Ce–LOEt complexes and [RuVI(LOEt)(N)Cl2] (2), treatment of the Ce(IV) oxo complex [CeIV(LOEt)2(O)(H2O)]·MeCONH2 (1) with 2 resulted in reduction of both the Ce(IV) and Ru(VI) complexes, and formation of a heterometallic Ce(III)/Ru(III) complex with a bridging deprotonated acetamide ligand, [(LOEt)2(H2O)CeIII{μ-O,N-MeC(O)NH}RuIII(LOEt)Cl2] (4), along with a minor product, [CeIII(LOEt)2(NO3)]. Ce(IV)–LOEt complexes such as [CeIV(LOEt)2Cl2] (3) can oxidize [ReV(LOEt)(N)(PPh3)Cl] to give the Re(VI) nitride [ReVI(LOEt)(N)(PPh3)Cl]+. Chloride abstraction of 3 by TlPF6 followed by reaction with [PPh4]2[MnV(N)(CN)4] afforded a diamagnetic red solid that is tentatively formulated as a heterometallic Ce(IV)/Mn(V) complex, [Ce(LOEt)2(H2O){Mn(N)(CN)4}] (5). Reactions of 3 with [nBu4N][MVI(N)(cat)2] (cat2− = catecholate(2−)) afforded the Ce(III)/M(VI) complexes [(LOEt)2CeIII{(μ-cat)2MVI(N)}] [M = Ru (6), Os (7)], in which the Ce(III) and M(VI) centers are bridged by two oxygen atoms of the two catecholate ligands. Similarly, the catecholate-bridged Ce(III)/Re(V) complex [(LOEt)2CeIII{(μ-cat)2ReV(O)}] (8) was prepared from 3 and [Me4N][ReV(O)(cat)2]. In CH2Cl2, 8 was air-oxidized to the Ce(III)/Re(VII) complex [CeIII(LOEt)2(H2O)2][cis-{ReVII(O)2(cat)2}] (9) with a cis-dioxo-Re(VII) counter-anion. The crystal structures of 4, 6, and 9 have been determined.

Graphical abstract: Reactions of cerium complexes with transition metal nitrides: synthesis and structure of heterometallic cerium complexes containing bridging catecholate ligands

Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
19 Jul 2019
Accepted
20 Aug 2019
First published
21 Aug 2019

Dalton Trans., 2019,48, 13458-13465
Article type
Paper

Reactions of cerium complexes with transition metal nitrides: synthesis and structure of heterometallic cerium complexes containing bridging catecholate ligands

W. Cheung, K. Au-Yeung, K. Wong, Y. So, H. H. Y. Sung, I. D. Williams and W. Leung, Dalton Trans., 2019, 48, 13458 DOI: 10.1039/C9DT02959A

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