Dual-action organoplatinum polymeric nanoparticles overcoming drug resistance in ovarian cancer
Drug resistance to the conventional platinum chemotherapy remains a major challenge for treating ovarian cancer. Herein, we present a novel approach to overcome the drug resistance by utilizing “dual-action” organometallic polymeric nanoparticles (OPNPs). The OPNPs were formed by the assembly of the organoplatinum payloads and the anionic block copolymer, methoxy polyethylene glycol-block-polyglutamic acid (MPEG5k-PGA50). The OPNPs enhance the solubility and biocompatibility of the hydrophobic organoplatinum payloads. The OPNPs enter the cancer cells via endocytosis, and the payloads loaded in the core of the nanoparticles are slowly released under the acidic conditions of endosomes. Unlike conventional platinum therapeutics, the organoplatinum compound exhibits a “dual-action” attack by triggering nuclear DNA damage and mitochondrial damage. As a result, drug-resistant ovarian cancer cells become vulnerable to the organoplatinum payloads.