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A double rollover cycloplatinated(II) skeleton: a versatile platform for tuning emission by chelating and non-chelating ancillary ligand systems

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Abstract

Described here is the synthesis and characterization of heteroleptic binuclear platinum(II) complexes of the type [Pt2(μ-bpy-2H)(S^S)2] and [Pt2(μ-bpy-2H)(L)2(X)2], containing a 2,2′-bipyridine-based double rollover cycloplatinated core (Pt(μ-bpy-2H)Pt), in combination with the anionic S^S chelate ligands di(ethyl)dithiocarbamate (dedtc) and O,O′-di(cyclohexyl)dithiophosphate (dcdtp) or non-chelating L/X ancillary ligands (PPh3/Me, t-BuNC/Me, PPh3/SCN and PPh3/N3). The new complexes were characterized using multinuclear (1H, 31P and 195Pt) NMR spectroscopy and some of them additionally using single crystal X-ray diffraction. The absorption and photoluminescence of the complexes show a strong dependence on the ancillary ligands. Upon excitation at 365 nm, in a CH2Cl2 rigid matrix (77 K), the complexes exhibit structured emission bands with λmax between 488 nm and 525 nm and vibrational spacing around 1350 cm−1, indicating the excited states centered on the cyclometalated ligand (3ILCT) with some mixing 3MLCT characteristics. In the case of the PPh3/N3 complex, a dual emission band (orange color) is observed in the solid state at 298 K for which the low energy band arises from an aggregation-induced emission (AIE). Upon lowering the temperature (77 K), thermochromism is observed (orange to yellow) which is accompanied by the intensification of the high energy band (ligand-centered structured band). Finally, in order to rationalize the obtained photophysical data, complete DFT (density functional theory) and TD-DFT (time-dependent DFT) calculations were performed on the selected complexes.

Graphical abstract: A double rollover cycloplatinated(ii) skeleton: a versatile platform for tuning emission by chelating and non-chelating ancillary ligand systems

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Feb 2019, accepted on 21 Mar 2019 and first published on 22 Mar 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9DT00807A
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article

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    A double rollover cycloplatinated(II) skeleton: a versatile platform for tuning emission by chelating and non-chelating ancillary ligand systems

    S. Paziresh, R. Babadi Aghakhanpour, S. Fuertes, V. Sicilia, F. Niroomand Hosseini and S. M. Nabavizadeh, Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C9DT00807A

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