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Highly efficient metal(III) porphyrin and salen complexes for the polymerization of rac-lactide under ambient conditions

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Abstract

Ligated metal(III) complexes, Al(III), In(III), Cr(III), and Co(III), containing tetraphenylporphyrin (TPP) and cyclohexylsalen (Cy-salen) ligands were investigated for the polymerization of rac-lactide (rac-LA). A combination of metal complexes, co-catalyst, and co-initiator was shown to be highly efficient for the ring-opening polymerization of rac-LA at room temperature. Influences of metal centers, ligands, and co-catalysts were investigated. Higher Lewis acidity of metal centers and ligands enhanced catalytic activity. Ionic co-catalysts showed increased polymerization rates. Polymerization of rac-LA catalyzed by tetraphenylporphyrin aluminum chloride ((TPP)AlCl) and bis(triphenylphosphine)iminium chloride (PPN+Cl) in cyclohexene oxide (CHO) as a solvent produced isotactic-enriched polylactide. The order of reactivities based on the metals supported by the TPP ligand is Cr(III) > Al(III) > In(III) > Co(III) while the reactivities of the catalysts supported by Cy-salen ligands are in the order In(III) > Cr(III) > Al(III) > Co(III).

Graphical abstract: Highly efficient metal(iii) porphyrin and salen complexes for the polymerization of rac-lactide under ambient conditions

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Nov 2018, accepted on 20 Dec 2018 and first published on 10 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04699A
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article
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    Highly efficient metal(III) porphyrin and salen complexes for the polymerization of rac-lactide under ambient conditions

    S. Praban, P. Piromjitpong, V. Balasanthiran, S. Jayaraj, M. H. Chisholm, J. Tantirungrotechai and K. Phomphrai, Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04699A

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