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Room temperature O transfer from N2O to CO mediated by the nearest Cd(I) ions in MFI zeolite cavities

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Abstract

The dominant oxidation state of cadmium is +II. Although extensive investigations into the +II oxidation state have been carried out, the chemistry of CdI is still largely underdeveloped. Here, we report a new functionality of cadmium created by the zeolite lattice: room temperature O transfer from N2O to CO mediated by the nearest monovalent cadmium ions in MFI zeolite. Thermal activation of CdII ion-exchanged MFI zeolite in vacuo affords the diamagnetic [CdI–CdI]2+ species with a short CdI–CdI σ bond (2.67 Å). This species generates two CdI˙ sites under UV irradiation through homolytic cleavage of the CdI–CdI σ bond, and the thus-formed nearest CdI˙ sites abstract an O atom from N2O to generate the [CdII–Ob–CdII]2+ core, where Ob means bridged oxygen. This bridging atomic oxygen species is transferred to CO at room temperature, through which CO oxidation and regeneration of the CdI–CdI σ bond then proceed. This is the first example pertaining to the reversible redox reactivity of the nearest monovalent cadmium ions toward stable small molecules. In situ spectroscopic characterization captured all the intermediates in the reaction processes, and these data allowed us to calibrate the density-functional-theory cluster calculations, by means of which we were able to show that the charge compensation requirement at the nearest two Al sites arrayed circumferentially in the 10-membered ring of MFI zeolite creates such novel functionalities of cadmium. The unprecedented reactivity of CdI and its origin are discussed.

Graphical abstract: Room temperature O transfer from N2O to CO mediated by the nearest Cd(i) ions in MFI zeolite cavities

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Oct 2018, accepted on 21 Dec 2018 and first published on 22 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04425B
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article
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    Room temperature O transfer from N2O to CO mediated by the nearest Cd(I) ions in MFI zeolite cavities

    A. Oda, T. Ohkubo and Y. Kuroda, Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04425B

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