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Alkyl-dependent self-assembly of the first red-emitting zwitterionic {Cu4I6} clusters from [alkyl-P(2-Py)3]+ salts and CuI: when size matters

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Abstract

A series of red-emissive {Cu4I6} clusters have been synthesized from alkyl-tris(2-pyridyl)phosphonium halides, [R-PPy3]Hal, and CuI. The size of the alkyl substituent (R) has a dramatic impact on the structure of the clusters assembled. [Me-PPy3]I salt reacts with CuI (1 : 2) to give the ionic [Cu(Me-PPy3)I]2Cu2I4 complex consisting of the scorpionate [Cu(N,N′,N′′-Me-PPy3)I]+ cation. Under similar conditions, [Pr-PPy3]I forms the zwitterionic [Cu4I6(Pr-TPP)2] complex containing an unusual stepwise [Cu4I6] cluster core. The use of [Bu-PPy3]I or [Bn-PPy3]I in this reaction leads to zwitterionic [Cu4I6(R-TPP)2] complexes, in which a linear-shaped [Cu4I6] module appears. Photophysical studies supported by TD-DFT computations have revealed that the title complexes in the solid state at 298 K exhibit a red photoluminescence (λemmax = 620–650 nm) with short lifetimes (0.04–2.10 μs), which are assigned to the thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) mixed with the cluster centered (3CC) phosphorescence. The compounds synthesized are the first red-emitting representatives of the recently discovered family of zwitterionic CuI-based complexes (so-called “AIO” structures).

Graphical abstract: Alkyl-dependent self-assembly of the first red-emitting zwitterionic {Cu4I6} clusters from [alkyl-P(2-Py)3]+ salts and CuI: when size matters

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Oct 2018, accepted on 11 Dec 2018 and first published on 11 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04328K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article
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    Alkyl-dependent self-assembly of the first red-emitting zwitterionic {Cu4I6} clusters from [alkyl-P(2-Py)3]+ salts and CuI: when size matters

    A. V. Artem'ev, E. A. Pritchina, M. I. Rakhmanova, N. P. Gritsan, I. Yu. Bagryanskaya, S. F. Malysheva and N. A. Belogorlova, Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04328K

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