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Issue 4, 2019
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Thioether sulfur-bound [Cu2] complexes showing catechol oxidase activity and DNA cleaving behaviour

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Abstract

Rational ligand design approaches allowed {Cu2(μ-OH/OMe)} cores to be accommodated within μ-phenoxido bis(tetradentate) and μ-phenoxido bis(tridentate) ligands having thioether donors. The complexes [Cu2(μ-H2L1)(μ-OH)](ClO4)2·2H2O (1), [Cu2(μ-L2)(μ-OH)(OH2)](ClO4)2 (2a) and [Cu2(μ-L2)(μ-OCH3)(OH2)](ClO4)2 (2b) were obtained from an N2O3S2 donor set bearing the H3L1 ligand (2,6-bis-[{2-(2-hydroxyethylthio)ethylimino}methyl]-4-methylphenol) and N2OS2 donor set containing the HL2 ligand (4-methyl-2,6-bis-[{2-(methylthio)phenylimino}methyl]phenol) without showing double phenoxido bridging or any type of preformed inter-fragment aggregation. Previously, we showed that H3L (2,6-bis[((2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethyl)imino)methyl]-4-methylphenol), the ether analogue of H3L1, in the presence of carboxylate anions, was responsible for the self-aggregation of preformed {Cu2} fragments and gave two types of [Cu4] complexes comprising [Cu4O] and [Cu4(OH)2] cores (T. S. Mahapatra, A. Bauzá, D. Dutta, S. Mishra, A. Frontera and D. Ray, ChemistrySelect, 2016, 1, 64–74). The molecular structures of 1, 2a and 2b were determined via single crystal X-ray diffraction and solution studies, which indicated the presence of [Cu2] species. This was further confirmed via UV-vis spectroscopy and HRMS analysis. The synthesized complexes were screened for their potential as catalysts for the catalytic oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol (3,5-DTBCH2). A change in the mechanism of catalytic oxidation was observed with a change in the ligand backbone. All three complexes also showed DNA binding properties, which were further substantiated via molecular docking studies. Their DNA binding affinities were quantitatively ascertained using their intrinsic binding constant, Kb, values which were found to be 4.2 × 104, 5.6 × 104 and 4.8 × 104 M−1, respectively. Furthermore, the complexes displayed efficient DNA cleavage behaviour with pBR322 and the oxidative path was established in presence of ROS, singlet oxygen, 1O2, and the superoxide anion, O2·.

Graphical abstract: Thioether sulfur-bound [Cu2] complexes showing catechol oxidase activity and DNA cleaving behaviour

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Oct 2018, accepted on 13 Dec 2018 and first published on 13 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04183K
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2019,48, 1292-1313

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    Thioether sulfur-bound [Cu2] complexes showing catechol oxidase activity and DNA cleaving behaviour

    M. Das, Z. Afsan, D. Basak, F. Arjmand and D. Ray, Dalton Trans., 2019, 48, 1292
    DOI: 10.1039/C8DT04183K

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