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Issue 4, 2019
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Field-induced slow magnetic relaxation in pseudooctahedral cobalt(II) complexes with positive axial and large rhombic anisotropy

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The preparation, X-ray crystal structure, spectroscopic and variable-temperature dc and ac magnetic properties of two six-coordinate cobalt(II) complexes of formula [Co(bim)4(tcm)2] (1) and [Co(bmim)4(tcm)2] (2) (bim = 1-benzylimidazole, bmim = 1-benzyl-2-methylbenzimidazole and tcm = tricyanomethanide ion) are reported. 1 and 2 crystallize in the monoclinic P21/n and C2/c space groups with the asymmetric units composed of one tcm ion and half the [Co(bim)4]2+ and [Co(bmim)4]2+ complex cations, respectively. Their cobalt atoms are in compressed (1)/rhombic (2) CoN6 octahedral environments, the axial positions being occupied by monodentate tricyanomethanide anions. The neutral molecules in 1 are linked through weak C–H⋯N type interactions into supramolecular chains, which are further interconnected into supramolecular 2D motifs by C–H⋯π stacking. No short intermolecular interactions occur in 2. The values of the shortest intermolecular cobalt–cobalt separation are 10.901(1) (1) and 10.577(3) Å (2). Detailed ac and dc magnetic studies indicate that 1 and 2 are field-induced single-ion magnets (SIMs) with D = +46.1 (1)/+80.1 cm−1 (2) thus presenting new examples of SIMs with transversal magnetic anisotropy. Theoretical calculations by CASSCF/NEVPT2 support these results and suggest that the relaxation of the magnetization occurs in the ground state under applied fields through two Orbach processes possibly bound to low-lying vibrational modes. Q-band EPR study for polycrystalline samples 1 and 2 at low temperatures confirms the positive sign of D, allows the rough estimation of the E/D ratio [0.144 (1) and 0.180 (2)] and reveals the occurrence of a strong asymmetry in the g-tensors. The values found for the spin-reversal barrier, Ea ≈ 28 and 11 cm−1 (1) and 20 and 9 cm−1 (2), are within the range of those found in other cobalt(II) field-induced SIMs with a pseudooctahedral trans-CoN4N′2 chromophore.

Graphical abstract: Field-induced slow magnetic relaxation in pseudooctahedral cobalt(ii) complexes with positive axial and large rhombic anisotropy

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Oct 2018, accepted on 21 Dec 2018 and first published on 27 Dec 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03965H
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2019,48, 1404-1417

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    Field-induced slow magnetic relaxation in pseudooctahedral cobalt(II) complexes with positive axial and large rhombic anisotropy

    A. Świtlicka, J. Palion-Gazda, B. Machura, J. Cano, F. Lloret and M. Julve, Dalton Trans., 2019, 48, 1404
    DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03965H

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