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Issue 22, 2019
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Design and in situ synthesis of hierarchical SAPO-34@kaolin composites as catalysts for methanol to olefins

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Abstract

This article reports a novel strategy to design and synthesize hierarchical SAPO-34@kaolin composites as catalysts for methanol to olefins. This strategy includes two key steps: the first is the top-down depolymerization of kaolin microspheres into active silicon and aluminium species via thermal treatment, and the second is the bottom-up rearrangement and reorganization of the resulting active silicon and aluminium species and the external phosphorous source into hierarchical SAPO-34@kaolin composites both outside and inside the calcined kaolin microspheres which are co-templated by hexadecyltrimethyl-ammonium bromide (CTAB) and 3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl dimethyl octadecyl ammonium chloride (TPOAC). It was found that CTAB functions as an in situ growth promoter to increase the SAPO-34 content in the resulting composites. Meanwhile, TPOAC serves as a mesoporogen to generate mesopores in the SAPO-34 phase of the SAPO-34@kaolin composites, and both CTAB and TPOAC play the role of a crystal growth inhibitor leading to the formation of SAPO-34 with a small crystal size. Distinctly different from the semi-synthesis products that were obtained by physically mixing and binding SAPO-34 with kaolin in appropriate proportions, the SAPO-34@kaolin composite synthesized involving both CTAB and TPOAC exhibits outstanding performance in methanol to olefins, with the selectivity to ethylene and propylene being increased by 20% and the catalyst lifetime being remarkably prolonged from 50 to 200 min. This is attributed to the high content, small crystal size, and hierarchical micro-mesoporous structure of the SAPO-34 crystallites in the composites.

Graphical abstract: Design and in situ synthesis of hierarchical SAPO-34@kaolin composites as catalysts for methanol to olefins

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Aug 2019, accepted on 04 Oct 2019 and first published on 10 Oct 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9CY01663E
Catal. Sci. Technol., 2019,9, 6438-6451

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    Design and in situ synthesis of hierarchical SAPO-34@kaolin composites as catalysts for methanol to olefins

    L. Zhang, H. Liu, Y. Yue, U. Olsbye and X. Bao, Catal. Sci. Technol., 2019, 9, 6438
    DOI: 10.1039/C9CY01663E

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